Empowering people in Smart societies

The Pillar Empowering People in Smart Societies identifies 4 essential stakeholders:


  1. Operators and Controllers of the Hybrid AI systems that engage with DesCartes in a multi-agent decision making process.
  2. Citizens of the smart city that experience the consequences of the decision-making of the DesCartes solutions.
  3. Policy makers and regulators that will provide the regulatory, legal and governance context for the implementation of (Hybrid) AI technologies for smart cities.
  4. Designers of Hybrid AI (Pillar I & IV members to start with) who will engage in a co-design process with government agencies, industry, citizens to realise responsible hybrid AI solutions.
Empowering people in smart societies


It focuses on topics specific to Hybrid AI, developing technologies necessary for its success and demonstrated on the following specific actions: 

  • Empowering Operators, Controllers and Designers of Hybrid AI systems (WP4&5)
  • Understanding Citizens reactions and feedback through social media (WP5), their long-term aspirations and apprehensions through surveys and assessment tools (WP7), raise awareness of Hybrid AI and understand  barriers to acceptance (WP7).
  • Providing Policy Makers and Regulators governance recommendations (ethical, legal) for sustainable Hybrid AI, and guidelines to Designers of Hybrid AI that should be implemented in the system to realise ethics and legal by design (WP6&7).

Work Packages on Empowering people in Smart societies

  • WP4 focuses on addressing the collaborative process of decision making between human operators and the Hybrid AI.
  • WP5 focuses on analysing and automatically detecting the reactions of citizens regarding the Hybrid AI system decisions from social media, as well as develop natural language front-ends for more natural operators-HAI interaction.
  • WP6 focuses on developping ethical guidelines for policymakers and HAI designers, e.g. to weigh the (conflicting) needs and aspirations of current and future citizens, environmental issues etc.
  • WP7 focuses on studying cross-cultural differences in societal attitudes and expectations of Hybrid AI systems across Singapore and France, as well as developing a minimal set of guidelines for the legal regulation of and policy development for implementing Hybrid AI solutions in critical city infrastructure.

This research is supported by the National Research Foundation, Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore under its Campus for Research Excellence and Technological Enterprise (CREATE) programme.

CREATE is an international collaboratory housing research centres set up by top universities. At CREATE, researchers from diverse disciplines and backgrounds work closely together to perform cutting-edge research in strategic areas of interest, for translation into practical applications leading to positive economic and societal outcomes for Singapore. The interdisciplinary research centres at CREATE focus on four areas of interdisciplinary thematic areas of research, namely human systems, energy systems, environmental systems and urban systems. More information on the CREATE programme can be obtained from www.create.edu.sg.

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